Fms Homework K8n

for Quebec ATH -----Abbreviated Trouble History ABB -----abbreviation HRV -----abbreviation for Croatia ANM -----Abbreviation with No Meaning AAI -----"Abbreviations, Acronyms and Initialisms" ABD -----abdicated AXR -----Abdominal X-Ray AUJ -----Aberdeen University Journal AZV -----Abfallzweckverband AYN -----Aboriginal Youth Network ABT -----About ABV -----above AAB -----Above And Beyond ALQ -----Abraham Lincoln Quarterly AJM -----Abrasive Jet Machining AWJ -----Abrasive Water Jet ABR -----abridged AJV -----Abrupt Junction Varactor AWL -----Absent With Leave ABF -----Absolute Bloody Final (drink) AOF -----Absolute Open Flow AQU -----Absolute Quality University AWT -----Abstract Window Toolkit (java) AYV -----Abutilon Yellow Virus AIS -----Academic Instruction School AYG -----Academic Year Grant AZG -----Academisch Ziekenhuis Groningen AGK -----Academy of Goju Karate AIB -----Academy of International Business AJK -----Academy of Japanese Karate ACC -----Accelerate AGP -----Accelerated Graphics Port ARI -----Accelerated Research Initiative APG -----Accelerating Population Growth AQL -----Acceptable Quality Level AUP -----Acceptable Use Policy ABU -----Acceptance for Beneficial Use AII -----Acceptance Inspection Instruction ATR -----Acceptance Test Report AHC -----Accepting Houses Committee AXS -----access ACL -----Access Control List ARL -----Access Rights List ASG -----Access Service Group ASR -----Access Service Request AUI -----Access Unit Interface AIU -----Accident Investigation Unit ADB -----Accidental Death Benefit APV -----Accounts Payable Voucher AIM -----Accuracy In Media AQJ -----Ace-Queen-Jack AQX -----Ace-Queen-Unknown ABE -----Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol (solvent) AXM -----Acetoxycyclohexamide ACH -----Acetylcholine ACD -----acid citrate dextrose ACK -----acknowledged CUU -----ACM Conference on Universal Usability ANS -----Acorn NetStation AUN -----Acorn Universal Networking ACQ -----acquisition AQP -----Acquisition Quality Plan ALR -----Action Leakage Rate ASH -----Action on Smoking and Health ACX -----Active Control eXperts AGN -----Active Galactic Nucleus AUO -----Active User Object ADO -----ActiveX Data Objects AIJ -----Activities Implimented Jointly AIO -----"Activities, Interests and Opinions" ABH -----Actual Bodily Harm AGW -----Actual Gross Weight AGZ -----Actual Ground Zone ANP -----Actual Navigation Performance AML -----Acute Myeloid Leukemia AMI -----Acute Myocardial Infarction APU -----Acute Psychiatric Unit ARF -----Acute Respiratory Failure AUL -----Acute Undifferentiated Leukemia AHM -----Acutely Hazardous Materials AHG -----Ad Hoc Group ADL -----Ada design language QVJ -----Adams (Massachusetts) Library ALN -----Adaptive Learning Network ACS -----Additional Curates Society ADR -----Additional Dialogue Recording (film jargon) ADY -----Additional Duty AXC -----Additional eXtended Coverage AEC -----Additional Extended Coverage AVC -----Additional Voluntary Contributions AKR -----Address Key Register AMP -----Adenosine MonoPhosphate AYP -----Adequate Yearly Progress ABO -----Adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer AMF -----Adios My Friend ADJ -----Adjutant ADM -----administration AAJ -----Administrative Appeals Judge ACO -----Administrative Contract Office ARE -----Admiralty Research Establishment ARJ -----Admission Reject AOX -----Adsorbable Organohalogens ADV -----advance AAH -----Advanced Attack Helicopter AEG -----Advanced Engineering from Germany AXX -----Advanced Exchange Experiment AXV -----Advanced Experimental Vehicle AXL -----Advanced eXtended markup Language AFW -----Advanced FireWire AGR -----Advanced Gas-cooled (nuclear) Reactor AGC -----Advanced Graduate Certificate AIN -----Advanced Intelligent Network AIX -----Advanced Interactive eXecutive AJT -----Advanced Job Training AJP -----Advanced Joint Planning APT -----Advanced Passenger Train AQF -----Advanced Quick Fix ARS -----Advanced Righting System ASS -----Advanced Sensor System ASX -----Advanced Systems eXcellence ATB -----Advanced Technology Bomber ATX -----Advanced Technology Extended [Format] AVS -----Advanced Visual Systems AWM -----Advanced Warehouse Management AXF -----Advanced X-Ray Facility VAN -----adVANtage (tennis) AEL -----Adverse Effect Level ACY -----Advocates for Children and Youth AEQ -----aequalis (Latin: equal) AOT -----Aerosol Open Test AET -----"aetatis (Latin: at the end of, aged) " AFF -----affiliated AFG -----Afghanistan AFR -----Africa ANC -----African National Congress AVU -----African Virtual University ACP -----"African, Carribean and Pacific (countries) " AWB -----Afrikaner Weerstandbeweging (right-wing political party in South Africa) ZAF -----Afrique du Sud (code ISO de pays) AFT -----after ADS -----After Dinner Speaking AHR -----After Heat Removal ARO -----After Receipt of Order AXY -----Aftercastle Yearbook AOE -----Age Of lEgends AFP -----Agence France-Presse ARH -----Agence rgionale de l'hospitalisation AGY -----agency AQW -----Agenda Quik-Writing AGT -----agent AXT -----AGETOR XML Transformation AXJ -----Agility Excellent Jumper AWF -----Aging Waste Facility AGD -----Agreed AGE -----Agricultural Engineer ALT -----Agricultural Lands Tribunal ARC -----Agricultural Research Council AUA -----Agricultural Unit of Account AKE -----Agrotikon Komma Ellados AHD -----Ahead AAL -----Aid Association for Lutherans ANB -----Aids to Navigation Boat AAK -----"Aim, Attack, Kill" ACM -----Air Chief-Marshall ADC -----Air Defence Command AEM -----Air Efficiency Medal AFB -----Air Force Base AFH -----Air Force Handbook AFM -----Air Force Medal AHU -----Air Handling Unit AJX -----Air Japan AKL -----Air Kilroe ALO -----Air Liaison Officer ANG -----Air National Guard AOA -----Air Officer in charge of Administration APZ -----Air Patrol Zone AQA -----Air Quality Assessment AQC -----Air Quality Control AQD -----Air Quality Digest AQG -----Air Quality Guidelines AQI -----Air Quality Index AQM -----Air Quality Monitoring AQS -----Air Quality Standard AQV -----Air Quality Valuation ASO -----Air Staff Officer AAM -----Air to Air Missile ATC -----Air Traffic Control ATA -----Air Transport Auxillary AVH -----Air Vehicle Handler AWS -----Air Warfare Course AWI -----Air Water Interface ABN -----AirBorN AEW -----Airborne Early Warning CVW -----Aircraft Carrier Air Wing AHV -----Aircraft Handling Vehicle AIK -----Aircraft Installation Kits AOG -----Aircraft on Ground ACW -----AirCraftWoman ACV -----Air-Cushion Vehicle ALW -----Air-Launched Weapon AQE -----Airman Qualifying Examination AOV -----Air-Operated Valve ATZ -----Airport Traffic Zone ARP -----Air-Raid Precautions ASI -----AirSpeed Indicator AUM -----Air-to-Underwater Missile AWY -----Airway ASK -----Akademische Software Kooperation AGA -----Aktiebolaget Gasackumulator (cooker) AHK -----Aktiv Hinten Kinematik ABZ -----"Al, Bill, and Zorn Manufacturing, Inc. " ALA -----Alabama AMW -----ALARA Management Worksheet AEH -----Alarm Event Handler AKJ -----"Alaska, Juneau" AKI -----Alaskan Independent Party AYX -----Alaskan Yukon Explorer AKY -----Albanian Kosovar Youth YZA -----Albany Law School Library AJS -----Albert John Stevens (British motor cycle manufacturer) AEN -----Alberta Environmental Network AWP -----Alberta Wheat Pool ALB -----albumin ABW -----alcohol by weight (abw) ATF -----"Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms" ALD -----Alderman AXH -----Alexanders Holdings AYS -----Alexandia (VA) Youth Soccer ALG -----algebra AKU -----Algemene Kunstzijde Unie AVV -----Algemene Vrijinning Vakverbond ALK -----alkali AEZ -----Alkaline Earth Zeolite AKD -----Alkyl Ketene Dimer AAW -----All Around the World AAO -----All At Once ACN -----All Concerned Notified AFN -----All For Nothing AIQ -----All Is Quiet AJW -----All Japan Womens wrestling ANA -----All Nippon Airways AOK -----All OK (alright) AOS -----All Over the Shop AOW -----All Over the World APB -----All Points Bulletin (US) AVT -----All Volatile Treatment AYB -----All Your Base AYW -----All Your Work AKH -----Allegemeines Krankenhaus QQH -----Allegheny County (Pennsylvania) Planning and Development Library AEK -----All-Electric Kitchen [ie no gas] AFJ -----Alliance For Justice ABY -----Alliance of Baptist Youth ACE -----"Allied Command, Europe " AXP -----Allied eXercise Publication AHQ -----Allied HeadQuarters AIW -----Allied Industrial Workers AMG -----Allied Military Government AIR -----All-India Radio ATV -----All-Terrian Vehicle AUR -----All-Up Round AVF -----All-Volunteer Force AWX -----All-Weather Aircraft AUW -----Aloha United Way AXO -----Alpha Chi Omega AKX -----Alpha Kappa Chi AKK -----Alpha Kappa Kappa AZO -----Alpha Zeta Omega AAT -----Alpha-1-Anti-Trypsin (treatment for cystic fibrosis) ANW -----Alpha-Numeric Warning QOU -----al-Quds Open University AKA -----Also Known As AFU -----alt. folklore. urban [Usenet newsgroup] ASB -----Alternative Service Book (church of england) AZD -----Alternativer Zustelldienst AHZ -----Altherrenzirkel AZS -----Alumina-Zirconia-Silica AKS -----Aluminum-Potassium-Silicon AAY -----Always All Yours ALZ -----Alzheimer's disease AEU -----Amalgamated Engineering Union AWA -----Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd. AAU -----Amateur Athletic Union (america) APA -----Amateur Press Association AXG -----Amax Gold AZJ -----Amazonenjagd AWQ -----Ambient Water Quality AOZ -----Ambulantes Operations Zentrum AMD -----amend AOL -----America OnLine ARV -----American (standard) Revised Edition AAA -----American Academy of Advertising SWV -----American all-female soul performers ABA -----American Basketball Association ABL -----American Basketball League ABS -----American Broadcasting System ACJ -----American Communication Journal ACI -----American Concrete Institute AEP -----American Electrical Power AEV -----American Emergency Vehicles AEF -----American Expeditionary Forces AEI -----American Express International AFL -----American Federation of Labor AFS -----American Field Scholarship AFI -----American Film Institute AFC -----American Football Conference AHI -----American Honey Institute AJH -----American Jewish History AJI -----American Jewish Institute AJY -----American Jewish Youth AJR -----American Journalism Review (Periodical) AKF -----American Kidney Fund ALL -----American Liberty League AMZ -----American Maritime Zone AMA -----American Medical Association AMC -----American Motor Company AMX -----American Motorcross(X) AMS -----American Musicological Society AMJ -----American Muslims for Jerusalem ANQ -----American Notes and Queries AJA -----American of Japanese Ancestry AOU -----American Ornithologists' Union AOJ -----American Orthoptic Journal API -----American Petroleum Institute QQG -----American Philatelic Research Library APS -----American Psychological Society TVT -----American record company ASL -----American Sign Language ASQ -----American Society for Quality ASZ -----American Society of Zoologists ASV -----American Standard Version UPN -----american television network AUY -----American Union of Youth AUH -----American University Hospital AUK -----American University in Kyrgyzstan AVD -----American Vetinary Department AWG -----American Wire Gauge AWH -----American Women's Hospitals AYR -----American Year in Review AYH -----American Youth Hockey AYY -----American Youth Yoga AZL -----American Z Lines AZA -----American Zinc Association AZC -----American Zionist Council AZM -----American Zionist Movement AZY -----American Zionist Youth AJJ -----Americans for Justice on the Job ALX -----America's Learning Exchange MXY -----AMEX Mexico Index ADK -----Ammosov Delone and Krainov atomic tunnelling model AWK -----"Amo, Weinberger, Kernighan (programming language)" AMT -----amount AMY -----Ampere Modulated Yielding APK -----Amplitude Phase Keying AEX -----Amsterdam (stock) EXchange AAN -----An Amazing Night AFE -----Analog Front End AVB -----Analog Video Bandwidth AAD -----Analogue Analogue Digital (recording technique) ADD -----Analogue Digital Digital AQT -----Analytical Query Time ANE -----Anarchy 'N' Explosives AOH -----Ancient Order of Hibernians AOR -----And AMM -----And Much More AYA -----And Yet Again ATK -----Andrew ToolKit AUE -----Andrew User Environment AYI -----Angle of Yaw Indicator ASA -----Angle Side Angle AZB -----Angular Z-Buffer (ray-tracing algorithm) ANH -----"Anhang (German: appendix, of a book)" AGU -----Anhydroglucose Units AXU -----Animal Expo Unlimited AFO -----Animal Feeding Operations AHL -----Animal Health Laboratories ANN -----annals ZBX -----Annawan-Alba (Illinois) Township Library ADZ -----Annual Day Zero AGM -----Annual General Meeting ALF -----Annual Licence Fee APR -----Annual Percentage Rate APY -----Annual Percentage Yield AQQ -----Annual Qualifications Questionnaire AYL -----Annual Yearly Loss ANR -----another AMQ -----Another Moronic Question AFQ -----Answers Facts and Questions ANT -----antenna ATU -----Antenna Tuning Unit APH -----AntePartum Haemorrhage ALH -----Anterior Lobe Hormone AKZ -----Antiarmor Kill Zone ABM -----Anti-Ballistic Missle ABX -----Antibiotics ADH -----AntiDuretic Hormone AHF -----AntiHaemophilic Factor AIZ -----Anti-Imperialistische Zelle(n) (German) AJD -----Anti-Jam Display AJE -----Anti-Jam Equipment AJF -----Anti-Jam Frequency AXE -----Antique eXercise Equipment ASW -----AntiSubmarine Work ATT -----AntiTetanus Toxoid AVX -----AntiVirus eXpert ALY -----Antroposofisen Laaketieteen Yhdistyksen AOP -----Any Old Place AOB -----Any Other Business AQK -----Any Quick Kiss AOC -----Apellation d'Origine Controlee AKP -----Apogee Kick Planning APP -----apparatus AQY -----Apparent Quantum Yield ATJ -----Appendices To Journals ATQ -----AppleTalk Transition Queue AMK -----Applied Materials Korea (name of a company) ARM -----Applied Research Methods ART -----Applied Risc Technologies AKT -----Apprentice Knowledge Test ADF -----Approved Deposit Fund ADI -----Approved Driving Instructor AQR -----Approximate and Qualitative Reasoning group APX -----approximately ASU -----Arab Socialist Union AUZ -----Arbeitskreis Umfassende Zahnheilkunde AZK -----Arbeitsnehmer Zentrum Koenigswinter ARB -----arbitrager AVW -----Arbor Vitae Woodruff School ATN -----arc tangent WXK -----Archaeologie (library cataloguing) ABP -----Archbishop ANY -----Architecture New York AZW -----Architektur Zentrum Wien AZP -----Archiv fuer die Zivilistische Praxis AGQ -----Archives Gaies du Quebec AJU -----Archives Juives AUB -----Are yoU Bored? AYC -----Are You Crazy? RUX -----Are You Experienced? AYF -----Are You Finished RUJ -----aRe yoU Joking? AYK -----Are You Kidding? RUK -----aRe yoU Kidding? AAX -----Area of Absolute eXclusion AAZ -----Areas And Zones ARG -----arginine RXZ -----Arginine-Alanine-Proline (proteins) ANL -----Argonne National Laboratory AYE -----Argue Your End ALI -----Argyl Light Infantry ALU -----Arithmetic and Logic Unit (computing) ADE -----Arizona Department of Education AZQ -----Arizona Quarterly AZX -----Arizona Stock Exchange AJG -----Arizone Jojoba Growers ARK -----Arkansas AHP -----Arkansas Highway Police AHE -----Armament Handling Equipment ASD -----Armament Supply Department APO -----Armed Forces (or Army) Post Office AMV -----Armored Maintenance Vehicle AFV -----Armoured Fighting Vehicle AIV -----Armoured Infantry Vehicle APC -----Armoured Personnel Carrier AAC -----Army Air Corps AAF -----Army Air Force ACF -----Army Cadet Force AER -----Army Emergency Reserve AHN -----Army Health Nurse AKN -----Army Knowledge Network AKO -----Army Knowledge On-line ANV -----Army of Northern Virginia AOD -----Army Ordnance Department APD -----Army Pay Department AQB -----Army Qualifications Battery ASC -----Army Service Corps AVR -----Army Volunteer Reserve AWR -----Army War Reserve AYT -----Army Youth Team ARR -----arrangement AOO -----Art lending Of Ottawa AON -----Art Of Noise ATD -----Art Teacher's Diploma AID -----Artificial Insemination by Donor AIH -----Artificial Insemination by Husband AMN -----Artificial Mains Network AOY -----Artist of the Year AFY -----Arts For Youth AHH -----Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylase (used in tobacco research) AZF -----As If AHS -----Ashland High School APN -----Asia Pacific Networx AZN -----Asian (used in singles ads) AXQ -----Asian Xgames Qualifier ASN -----asparagine AMB -----Asparagus Mustard Blancmange (!) ASP -----aspartic acid AHB -----Assault Helicopter Battalion ACZ -----Assembly Coder's Zenith AEO -----Assication of Exhibition Organisers AJQ -----Assignment and Justification Questionnaire AAG -----Assistant Adjutant-General ACG -----Assistant Chaplain-General ADG -----Assistant Director-General APM -----Assistant Provost-Marshall ARD -----Assistant Resident Director ASM -----Assistant Stage Manager AYM -----Assistant Yard Master ANJ -----Associacao Nacional de Jornais AND -----Associate Administrator for NAS Development AAS -----Associate in Applied Science AFA -----Associate in Fine Arts AGS -----Associate in General Studies AKC -----Associate of King's College (London) AIA -----Associate of the Institute of Actuaries AGI -----Associate of the Institute of certified Grocers AIG -----Associate of the Institute of certified Grocers AIC -----Associate of the Institute of Commerce AIE -----Associate of the Institute of Education AIP -----Associate of the Institute of Plumbing ASF -----Associate of the Institute of Shipping and Forwarded Agents AIL -----Associate of the Institution of Linguists ARA -----Associate of the Royal Academy ATI -----Associate of the Textile Institute AEB -----Associated Examining Board AYZ -----Associated Youth for Zion AKQ -----Association des Kinotherapeutes du Quebec ASE -----Association for Science Education ASJ -----Association for Scientific Journals APF -----Association for the Propogation of the Faith AAV -----Association of Avian Veterinarians ABI -----Association of British Insurers ACU -----Association of Commonwealth Universities AEJ -----Association of European Journalists AGB -----Association of Governing Boards AIT -----Association of Inspectors of Taxes AJO -----Association of Jensen Owners AJL -----Association of Jewish Libraries AKG -----Association of Kew Growers AME -----Association of Municipal Engineers AOM -----Association of Ontario Midwives AUT -----Association of University Teachers AWO -----Association of Water Officers AWW -----Association of Women Welders AYJ -----Association of Yugoslav Jews AZH -----Association of Zoological Horticulture AVY -----Association Viticole Yvorne AZI -----Association Zen Internationale APL -----Associative Programming Language ATE -----Associativity Test Equation AXN -----Assurante Experts Nederland APE -----Asterisk Placement Executive ATG -----Asterix The Gaul ASY -----Astounding Stories Yearbook AAQ -----Astronomical Association of Queensland AVZ -----Astronomische Vereinigung Zuerich APJ -----Astrophysical Journal [Space] ADW -----Asymptotic Distorted Wave ATP -----At room Temperature and Pressure ATM -----At The Moment ABG -----Aterial Blood Gas ATY -----Atividades Terapeuticas e Yoga ATL -----Atlantic AMR -----Atlantic Missile Range ANF -----Atlantic Nuclear Force AST -----Atlantic Standard Time AUU -----ATM User-to-User AWV -----Atmospheric Wind Velocity AEA -----Atomic Energy Authority AHW -----Atomic Hydrogen Welding AMU -----Atomic Mass Unit AWD -----Atomic Weapons Decommissioning AWE -----Atomic Weapons Establishment ATW -----ATomic Weight AYU -----Atomic Youth Ultrasonics AKW -----Atomkraftwerk ALE -----"Atropine, Lidocaine, Epinephrine" ARN -----ATS Route Network AFX -----Attack Fighter eXperimental AHX -----Attack Helicopter Experimental AHO -----Attack Helicopter Operations ARW -----Attitude Reaction Wheel AGO -----Attorney General of Ontario AGG -----Attributed Graph Grammar system AUD -----Audible ACR -----Audio Cassette Recorder ACA -----Audio Compression Algorithm AES -----Audio Engineering Society AJB -----Audio Junction Box ARU -----Audio Response Unit AVK -----Audio Video Kernel AVI -----Audio Visual Interleaved ALM -----AudioLingual Method (in teaching a foreign language) AVA -----AudioVisual Aids AVL -----AudioVisual Language AVP -----AudioVisual Processor ADQ -----Audits of Data Quality AEY -----Auger Electron Yield APW -----Augmented Plane Wave AUG -----August AEE -----Auronautical Engineer AWZ -----Aus- und Weiterbildungszentrum AQZ -----Ausbildungs- und Qualifizierungszentrum ABJ -----Austin Business Journal ANZ -----Australia and New Zealand banking group AUS -----Australia(n) AAP -----Australian Associated Press ABC -----Australian Broadcasting Corporation ACT -----Australian Capital Territory ACB -----Australian Cricket Board ADT -----Australian Digital Theses program AGL -----Australian Gas Light company AGH -----Australian General Hospital AGJ -----Australian Guitar Journal AHA -----Australian Hotels Association AIF -----Australian Imperial Forces AJC -----Australian Jockey Club AJZ -----Australian Journal of Zoology ALP -----Australian Labour Party ALJ -----Australian Law Journal ANU -----Australian National University AUQ -----Australian Quarterly ARY -----Australian Rural Youth ATO -----Australian Taxation Office AVJ -----Australian Veterinary Journal AWC -----Australian Wool Corporation AWU -----Australian Worker's Union AXK -----Australian Xbox Killers AYO -----Australian Youth Orchestra AYQ -----Australian Youth Quartet AKB -----Australian-Korean Business AHY -----Austrian History Yearbook AUF -----AUthentication Function AHJ -----Authority Having Jurisdiction AXZ -----Auto Exchange Zaire AZZ -----Auto Zentrum Zerbst AFZ -----Auto-Free Zone ALS -----Autograph Letter Signed AED -----Automated External Defibrilator AGV -----Automated Guided Vehicle AKM -----Automated Key Management AQO -----Automated Quality Organization AWN -----Automated Weather Network AAE -----Automatic Assemble Editing ADP -----Automatic Data Processing ADX -----Automatic Digital eXchange AFD -----Automatic File Distribution ALC -----Automatic Level Control ANK -----Automatic Navigation Kit ANO -----Automatic Network Operator ANI -----Automatic Number Identification AOI -----Automatic Optical Inspection ARQ -----Automatic Repeat reQuest AVM -----Automatic Vending Machine ANX -----Automotive Network Exchange ALV -----Autonomous Land Vehicle AUV -----Autonomous Underwater Vehicle ARZ -----Auto-Restricted Zone AZR -----Autozentrum Radebeul TAH -----"Auxilary, Hospital ship, MSC manned (naval ship type) " AXB -----Auxiliary Boiler AXW -----Auxiliary Wasteheat AKV -----"Auxiliary, Cargo, Aircraft" AGF -----"Auxiliary, General, Flagship" ATS -----Auxillary Territorial Service (women in Britain 1938-48) AUX -----auxillary verb AXD -----Auxilliary Drum AVO -----Available Vehicle Occupancy AVE -----Avenue AVG -----Average AHT -----Average Holding Time AOQ -----Average Outgoing Quality APQ -----Average Picture Quality AQH -----Average Quarter Hour AVQ -----Average Voice Quality AYD -----Average Yearly Demand ADU -----Avian Demography Unit AVN -----aviation AMO -----Aviation Medical Officer AMH -----Aviation Structural Mechanic (Hydraulics) US Navy Rating AFK -----Away From Keyboard AXI -----axiom QUY -----Ayacucho Quechua AIY -----Ayshire Imperial Yeomanry AZE -----Azerbaijan (031) ISO 3-letter country code AZT -----Azidothymidine AQN -----Azimuthal Quantum Number AZU -----azumith BMB -----B***** Me Backwards BMG -----Baader-Meinhof Gang BHK -----Babcock-Hitachi Kaisha BJV -----Baby and Junior Violence BAC -----baccalaureat (French school examination) BWV -----Bach Werke-Verzeichnis (German: catalogue of Back's works) BAQ -----Bachelor Airmen's Quarters BEQ -----Bachelor Enlisted Quarters BAM -----Bachelor of Applied Mathematics BAJ -----Bachelor of Arts in Journalism BAO -----Bachelor of Arts in Obstetrics BBA -----Bachelor of Business Administration BCA -----Bachelor of Commerce and Administration BCY -----Bachelor of Culinary Arts Technology BDS -----Bachelor of Dental Surgery BED -----Bachelor of Education EDB -----Bachelor of Education BHJ -----Bachelor of Human Justice BIE -----Bachelor of Industrial Engineering BLA -----Bachelor of Landscape Architecture BLL -----Bachelor of Laws LLB -----Bachelor of Laws (legum baccaleureus) BLS -----Bachelor of Library Science BMS -----Bachelor of Marine Science BME -----Bachelor of Medical Engineering BPE -----Bachelor of Physical Education BPA -----Bachelor of Professional Arts BPH -----Bachelor of Public Health BRE -----Bachelor of Religious Education BSC -----Bachelor of Science BSF -----Bachelor of Science in Forestry BSJ -----Bachelor of Science in Journalism BSN -----Bachelor of Science in Nursing BSP -----Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy BSS -----Bachelor of Secretarial Science BCH -----Bachelor of Surgery (Latin: baccalaureus chirurgiae) BTE -----Bachelor of Textile Engineering BTP -----Bachelor of Town Planning BOQ -----Bachelor Officer Quarters BTO -----Bachman-Turner Overdrive BCG -----Bacillus Calmette-Guerin BXU -----Bacillus Xylanase Unit BAK -----Back At Keyboard BOH -----Back Of House BOT -----Back On Topic BYB -----Back Yard Breeder BBE -----Background Block Error BGN -----BackGround Noise BPR -----Back-Pressure Regulator BPN -----Back-Propagation Network BNN -----Back-propagation Neural Network BKD -----Backscatter Kikuchi Diffraction BAI -----Backup Aerospace-vehicle Inventory BDC -----Backup Domain Controller BUF -----Back-Up Facility BWH -----Backup WithHolding BCK -----backward(s) BWO -----Backward-Wave Oscillator BYW -----Backyard Wrestling BLT -----Bacon Lettuce & Tomato BJE -----Bad Joke Ending BQI -----Bad Questions Ignored BHV -----Badischer Handball-Verband BMK -----Badmintonklubb BAG -----Baggage BYK -----Bajaj Youth Cycle BNT -----Baker-Nunn Telescope BAL -----Balance BFB -----Balanced Failure Biasing BLR -----Balanced Likelihood Ratio BTI -----Balanced Technology Initiative BXO -----Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans BLW -----Baldwin Locomotive Works BVH -----Balgownie Veterinary Hospital BGA -----Ball Grid Array BBJ -----Ball-Bearing Joint BAT -----Ballistic Aerial Target BEE -----Ballistic Electron Emission BMD -----Ballistic Missile Defence BLN -----Balloon BGE -----Baltimore Gas and Electric Company BHU -----Baltimore Hebrew University BBV -----Banco Bilbao Vizcaya BLX -----Banco Latinoamericano de Exportacione BZN -----Band Zonder Naam BDQ -----Bande Dessinee Quebecoise BQL -----Bandial BXD -----Bandwidth and Delay BWB -----BandWidth Balancing BWC -----BandWidth Control BRQ -----Bandwidth ReQuest BNH -----Bangkok Nursing Home BHE -----Bangor Hydro-Electric Company BEU -----Bank Employees Union BXQ -----Bank Exchange Quantity BIS -----Bank for International Settlements BGZ -----Bank Gospodarki Zywnooeciowej BOE -----Bank Of England BOJ -----Bank of Jamaica BNY -----Bank of New York BNZ -----Bank of New Zealand BOS -----Bank of Scotland BOZ -----Bank of Zambia BVE -----Bank von Ernst (Liechtenstein) BKG -----banking BDW -----Banking Data Warehouse BKY -----Bankruptcy BEI -----Banque europeenne d'investissement (French: european investment bank) BWJ -----Banten West Java BUV -----Baptist Union of Victoria BWA -----Baptist World Alliance BAP -----baptized BCR -----Bar Code Reader BHB -----Bar Harbor Bankshares.

What I Look for in an FMS Score

Written by Gray CookTuesday, August 23, 2016FMS Screening

"What do you look for in a Functional Movement Screen score?"

That’s probably the most frequently asked question I get about the Functional Movement Screen.

So what does Gray Cook look for when he screens? 

I look for zeroes on the movement screen.

I don’t care whether I’m in SEAL training or at a boy-scout camp, I look for zeroes on the movement screen.

There’s an impressive fail rate on the FMS due to a movement pattern provoking pain. We’re not saying delayed onset muscle soreness or general stiffness. These are people who are actually somewhat surprised by pain that accompanies movement patterns that most toddlers can do.

Think about that . . . When I tell you we’ve got about a 20% fail rate due to pain, realize that most of these people have passed a pre-participation medical physical. They have been medically cleared to move at will, while having pain in a movement pattern that requires normal movement with loads not exceeding bodyweight.

This might sound like a recipe for disaster . . . That’s because it is.

A pre-participation medical physical is a lot more about the eyes, the ears, the nose and the throat than it is about movement. But what are the majority of injuries going to be?

We’re going to have the few kids every summer who have a heart attack while playing football. That’s tragic. That’s also why we screen blood pressure and pulse.

But, how many are going to blowout their knee so badly they never get to interact with sports again? Why aren’t we screening movement? How many will roll an ankle and return to sport before rehab goals are met.

If the Functional Movement Screen had no scoring system whatsoever and all it did was identify people who have pain with movement (before movement is imposed through sport or activity), I still think it has great value.

That 10-minute investment is worth it because my daughter might be one of the ones we catch.

When there’s pain on board, the SAID principle (Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demand)—all the benefits we think we’re going to get from exercise—are inconsistent and unpredictable. It doesn’t mean you can’t suck it up. “We’ve got 60 seconds left. Suck it up.”

If the back of your knee hurts every time you go into a deep squat and my solution for that is “don’t go so deep,” the motor control is still distorted in that pattern, whether you bump up against your barrier of pain or not.

We’ve got to look at movement health first. If you’ve got pain when you move, I don’t even know if you’re healthy. It doesn’t mean you’re not fit. You can appear fit and be very unhealthy. A positive impingement sign on your shoulder, pain in your low back on a prone press-up or ankle pain in a lunge . . .that’s a health problem until a medical professional tells me it’s not.

I’m not trying to be over-cautious. I’m saying the disregard/lack of movement health is why we’ve got so many injuries.

It’s even why exercise in itself is a risk factor now. Exercise shouldn’t be a risk factor. Competition and tactical operations should be risk factors because we can’t fully control those situations.

People say, “You’re trying to do injury prevention in the NFL.”

No, I’m not.

The NFL has a 100% injury rate. Everybody who has that job gets hurt. We’re talking injury management. Knowing how somebody moves before they get injured is very important.

We now look at cognition before exposure to concussion, but we don’t look at movement before the injury.

First, there are people in pain who are telling you they’re ready to train. They’re getting ready to hurt your stats (and themselves) because pain is inconsistent and unpredictable. Second, setting a baseline we can revisit, when we know people are going into risky endeavors, is absolutely responsible.

Now comes the area of debate. I said in the beginning of the Movement book “First move well, then move often.” It’s a very curt statement, but if I don’t define well, then all I did was create another problem without a solution.

What we tried to say is in these patterns, if you get a 1 on the movement screen, it means you cannot complete the pattern at one bodyweight, so my hypothesis is that the medical physical is not getting the pain off the board.

Pain is a huge and probably the biggest risk factor we’ve got.

Next, a logical baseline makes more sense than the absence of a logical baseline. I tried to take a stand with the movement screen and said that with dysfunction, you are probably not going to respond well to performance enhancement measures and may break down quicker with respect to fatigue and/or even injury than those patterns.

We get into 2, which is acceptable and 3, which is optimal.

I don’t have a statistic that says one is better than the other from a durability standpoint (except in very specific environments, but that’s for a later discussion.)

I think any good strength coach would tell you if somebody’s at a 2, I’m going to try to create the biggest buffer I can. I know what’s going to happen over a competitive season. It’s a war of attrition. We expect them to move.

I think movement could be a good recovery biomarker. If somebody’s got an 18 on the movement screen and we beat on them for three days and it becomes a 12, this might not be a good day to go heavy even though the schedule says the guy should go heavy. I would love to start seeing information like heart rate variability and breathing efficiency on that movement counterpoint.

I am much more open to criticism on the top end of the movement screen than the bottom because we’re finding pain in populations who say, “No, I’m pain free.”

“You’re pain free when you’re not squatting, but how about when you are squatting, because that position is going to occur in our training program 300 times before Saturday?”

Get the pain off board and set a responsible baseline. Even if we didn’t have a scoring system, I would still be a huge advocate for those two pieces of information.

When people do research on the Functional Movement Screen, the one thing we tell them is to pull out the zeroes before you even do your study. Those people are already hurt. Letting them into the study doesn’t really help us see anything.

Pulling the people who are already in pain out of the study and seeing if 1s break down quicker than everybody else, now that’s the study.

I’m not saying the movement screen is beyond criticism, but a lot of the criticism has been from the assumption that a 3 is better than a 2. It’s not. It’s not at all. It only works one way. It works from the bottom. It doesn’t work from the top. When your eyes go across a FMS score sheet—0s. The next thing you’re looking for are 1s.

The competitive difference between a 2 and 3 on a pattern in the FMS is probably best seen in different environments, whereas a zero or 1 is detrimental in any environment (when compared to those without a zero or 1).

I can’t talk scoring without discussing the asymmetry issue. If we define a 1 on the movement screen as dysfunctional, a 2 as acceptable and a 3 as optimal, then there are three different ways we can have an asymmetry. We can have a 1-3 and a 1-2 or we can have a 2-3.

We see a lot of throwing athletes with that 1-3 asymmetry. We start 

doing correctives and get them to a 2-3, but they never get a bit better because as long as their livelihood is asymmetrical movement, we’re going to see that asymmetry. Plus, we’ve got somebody who’s probably been throwing most of their life, so we’ve got some bony remodeling there.

I don’t have as big an issue with an asymmetry (one side is acceptable, one side is optimal and both sides, by default, are acceptable) as I do when you’ve got a dysfunction. Once again, we don’t even have to debate asymmetry. If you’ve got a 1 somewhere whether it’s involved with an asymmetry like a left-right lunge or whether it’s a 1 on a push-up, you’ve got to look at that.

Our operational orders are:

Pull out the zeroes. They need further assessment.

For 1s, don’t load the pattern. Make a valid attempt to try to correct the pattern before you load it. If you fix the 1, you may stabilize an asymmetry or at least move it into a safe range. If you make the 1 go away, you’re there. We look at athletes all the time who have left-right asymmetries. You give me a discus thrower, a javelin thrower or somebody who makes four left turns really fast, they’re going to have asymmetries.

 

Here’s where we run into a problem in the United States. Athletics have always created subtle asymmetries, but in the US more than anywhere else, we put symmetrical loads on asymmetrical athletes. If you’re a sprinter and you’re from Jamaica, and if you’re extremely fast and you don’t feel like lifting, you don’t have to lift. It’s not really something a lot of other cultures are adamant about. If you’re naturally gifted, then everybody is very conservative in the things they introduce.

When we see somebody with a left-right hip asymmetry (because they’re a hurdler) go deep in a squat, they’re going to shift. The question you’ve got to ask: Is this asymmetry an occupational hazard? Do I correct against it, but I don’t load into it? Because there are a lot of loads I can put on a hurdler that will never make them shift.

If I think about dealing with this shift in a back squat, why don’t I do a split squat? And why don’t I load them up front and keep that spine up and let the asymmetry show through as, “I’ve only got eight repetitions on this side and 15 on this side?”

 

Unknowingly, we symmetrically load asymmetries.

If we see athletes break down with an asymmetry, it could be because of what we’re doing to it.

However, if you’ve got a dysfunction on one side and optimal or acceptable on the other side, I attack it—not because it’s an asymmetry, but because it’s a dysfunction. I find that’s a cleaner way to teach it. It gives people less operational latitude. Address the 1s. On our very first two patterns, if you score a 1 in every test on the FMS, I’ll tell you to go for the Active Straight-Leg Raise first. It levels the pelvis and it changes quickly.

The leg raise and shoulder mobility are the first two things we take off the table. The next thing is the rotary stability. That will check motor control. Next is the push-up. Everything off your feet takes priority, so if you’ve got a 1 on everything, even a 1 on the squat and a 1 on the lunge, I’ve got more of a chance to change those by working on your leg raise and shoulder mobility than I do a full frontal attack on the squat. There are bricks and mortar that go into that.

When we first launched the movement screen, the deep squat was such an indicator of a poor score everywhere else we just said, “We’ll just fix the deep squat and all will be good.” We learned that you can’t take a full frontal attack on the deep squat because every other movement screen pattern can be seen within an overhead deep squat—every other pattern.

Your hurdle step, your lunge, your push-up, your shoulder mobility and your leg raise, they’re all in there, so the deep squat is the sum of everything you’ve got. When we see a 3 on the deep squat, we’re getting ready to see a few more 3s, some really nice 2s. You might see a 1 on the push-up in the hypermobile person, but when you see a 1 on the deep squat, you’re getting ready to see 1s in other places too.

Work that screen from the bottom up and you’ll literally save time.

The question that commonly follows is: “Then why do all seven tests?”

We’re really arguing over about 7.5 minutes to do the other tests, but once again, we’ve got other opportunities to provoke pain while also setting a full baseline.

“What if I’m doing wellness for 70 girls?”

I still do the whole screen for the provocation and baseline value. Don’t take a partial baseline when you have an opportunity to take a full baseline because your own internal stats are going to actually tell you where your next best efficiency movement is.

The rule here is to never assume anything; remain hyper-vigilant and always know as much as you can. When you look at the investment of time and the continuity, you’re always going to wonder what those other patterns were.

It’s just better to know. That way, you can start seeing change.

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