Barbara Krakow Gallery is proud to present Jenny Holzer: 1977 - 2013, a survey of works utilizing texts the artist wrote, compiled and presented in different forms over the past thirty-five years.
The earliest work in the show is the iconic Truisms (1977-79), presented here as eight sheets of black text on white paper. The Truisms series was written by Holzer to resemble existing truisms, maxims, and clich�s. Each Truism distills difficult and contentious ideas into a seemingly straightforward fact. Privileging no single viewpoint, the Truisms examine the social construction of beliefs, mores, and truths. When they are displayed in serial format, as they are in this exhibition, Holzer organizes the aphoristic statements in alphabetic order. The Truisms first were shown on anonymous street posters that were wheat pasted throughout downtown Manhattan, and subsequently have appeared on T-shirts, hats, electronic signs, stone floors, projections and benches (the last two of these forms are also included in this exhibition).
To the left of the Truisms suite hang a group of 20 sheets from Inflammatory Essays (1979-1982). Influenced by Holzer's readings of political, art, religious, utopian, and other manifestos, the Inflammatory Essays are a collection of 100-word texts that were printed on colored paper and, originally, posted throughout New York City. Like any manifesto, the voice in each essay urges and espouses a strong and particular ideology. By masking the author of the essays, Holzer allows the viewer to assess ideologies divorced from the personalities that propel them. With this series, Holzer invites the reader to consider the urgent necessity of social change, the possibility for manipulation of the public, and the conditions that attend revolution.
In addition to these two early bodies of work, there are numerous other works, including several photographs of recent projections, one etching, a 49-minute looped projection and two LED pieces, one of a small scale and one of a large (76�) scale, each of which utilizes one or more texts from throughout Holzer�s career. Not only a survey of the texts used, this exhibition serves as a display of the varying and dynamic readings of the texts when presented through the different media that Holzer uses.
Set aside your image of Jenny Holzer, the reigning art-world star whose popularized aphorisms — such as “Abuse of Power Comes as No Surprise” and “Protect Me From What I Want” — have been emblazoned on marble benches and massive LED screens from the Guggenheim Museum to the Venice Biennale. Instead, meet Jenny Holzer, urban guerilla-style anonymous artist. That’s the thrust of a new show at Alden Projects in Manhattan, opening on Jan. 13 and featuring more than 100 of the “Truisms” and “Inflammatory Essays” posters that Ms. Holzer began creating in 1977 and then proceeded to plaster all over New York City in the dead of the night.
The work quickly garnered a cult following. Filled with short strings of provocative political dictums, and composed in all caps to resemble newspaper headlines, the posters could read like Maoist screeds, right-wing rants or thoughtful philosophizing, depending upon where one started or stopped.
To Todd Alden, the director of Alden Projects, on the Lower East Side, the show is a needed response in the wake of a presidential election in which the news media was as much a subject of heated debate as any of the candidates’ positions. “It’s an important time for people to examine what’s implicit in Holzer’s project: questioning the way ‘the truth’ is generated, questioning the whole premise of Enlightenment culture, which is that if everyone reads, the culture will inevitably improve,” Mr. Alden said. Equally important was Ms. Holzer’s “bypassing the conventions of galleries and museums and taking conceptual art to the street.” It was a lesson he hopes today’s activist-minded artists will take to heart.
In keeping with the spirit behind these posters’ origins, Mr. Alden explained that he didn’t ask for permission from Ms. Holzer or her gallery, Cheim & Read, to stage the show, which runs through Feb. 12. The posters, most of which are for sale, come from his own collection of art ephemera, many purchased in the late 1970s and early ’80s when leftovers from Ms. Holzer’s street campaigns would be sold at shops like Printed Matter, 10 posters for $10. (These posters can now fetch over $1,000 each.)
Ms. Holzer said she was intrigued by the exhibition of her earliest work and had no intentions of stopping it. Her original aim in 1977 was fairly modest. Then attending the Whitney Museum of American Art’s Independent Study Program, she said, she was so daunted by the director Ron Clark’s reading list that she rewrote it as one-liners which became posters. “I wanted to see if these ideas — as contradictory as they could be — might be capable of stopping people in their tracks and having them muse over them,” she recalled. Passers-by began writing responses on the posters — call it proto-social media. “There was some voting, pre-Facebook ‘likes’,” Ms. Holzer said. “People would star things or underline parts. Sometimes I would come back around and stand close enough to listen to people argue over them.”
Ms. Holzer’s message to young artists seeing this work for the first time is: “Do it yourself, do it now,” she said, noting the enduring visual power of a simple run of street posters. “It’s not hard and I was only arrested once,” putting up posters at 3 a.m. in SoHo, she added, and chuckled. Tossed into the back of a police car, “I launched into a rambling explanation and they decided I was not worth keeping,” she said. “I was dripping with so much wheat paste they probably didn’t want me on their back seat much longer.”
Correction: December 13, 2016
An earlier version of this article misspelled the name of a gallery. It is Cheim & Read, not Cheim & Reid.