1997 Ap Us History Essay

1875-1900

  • 1876
    • End of Reconstruction
    • Battle of Little Big Horn
  • 1877: Munn v. Illinois:  Court rules states may regulate warehouse rates
  • 1879: Stand Oil Trust formed
  • 1880s: Big Business emerge
  • 1883
    • Railroad companies divide nation into four time zones
    • Pendleton Civil Service Act
  • 1886: Haymarket Riots
  • 1887
    • Interstate Commerce Commission>
    • Davies Act
  • 1890
    • Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    • Massacre at Wounded Knee
    • Sherman Silver Purchase Act
  • 1890-1920: Fifteen million "new" immigrants
  • 1893: Repeal of Sherman Silver Purchase Act
  • 1895
    • Pollock v Farmers
    • Court strikes down income tax
  • 1898
    • War with Spain
    • Hawaii annexed
  • 1899: Peace with Spain, U. S. receives Philippines, Samoa, Guam, and Puerto Rico
  • 1900: Gold Standard

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How to cite this note (MLA)

Aboukhadijeh, Feross. "1875-1900" StudyNotes.org. Study Notes, LLC., 17 Nov. 2012. Web. 10 Mar. 2018. <https://www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/timelines/1875-1900/>.

 

From the period 1890-1925 changing political developments, as well as thefluctuating economy and the assumptions of women allowed for a generalimprovement in the position of women in American society. Women began to seeincreased job opportunities, and a change in the mindsets of the men who sharedthe same workspace as them, political changes occurred as well, and theassumptions of women were improved because of political changes inWashington. Though with some negative repercussions this period was probablyone of the most single influential times on the status of women in America.Before the turn of the century industrialization had taken hold but by 1900 ithad expanded into domestic territory, or things for the home, and women foundthat they already possessed many of the skills need for these positions (clothing,textiles, cigars, shoes, food processing); and the textile industry became thesingle largest employer of women. Not all women followed these paths though asnew opportunities for higher education also became available, and this allowedmany young women to become teachers and professors. In 1920s women earnedabout 1/3 of all graduate degrees but the only made up about 4% of allprofessors. Another victory occurred in the clerical field, as here it began to openup providing a chance to become a pharmacist or a doctor. In the 1890s womenmade up over 25% of all medical school graduates, but dropped to 5% in 1920s;primarily because men began to re-enter these fields following their return fromWWI, and by 1920 the number of women doctors had decreased. Women alsomoved into a lot of previously male dominated jobs such as bookkeeping, typing,secretaries and telephone operators. With the start of WWI and men being draftedinto the war, a lot of jobs on the home front were left open, which allowed awomen to enter into an area off-limits previously, jobs in factories were especiallyeasy to find. 1 million women worked in war industries during WWI, but thenumber of total working women failed to increase and stayed at a constant of about 8 million through the course of the war. However following WWI and thedecline of the economy many people were looking for a chance to bring in anyextra cash they could, and having two working adults made sustaining a familypossible. In 1907 and 1908, investigators found that out of 22,000 workingwomen, 60% made less than $7.00 a week, the minimum for a decent living. The men who shared these industries with women began to change theirmindsets about exactly what a women could, and couldn't do. In 1900 20% of women over 16 were wage earners (5.3 million), and single women began tooutnumber married women 7 to 1. They began to develop a deeper understandingof female worker's conditions and needs, and these new beliefs coupled with afeminine sense of independence women began to feel a need for more rights,rights such as voting, given that they were in a lot of the same situations as menon a daily basis. Despite the increasing status of equality for women during thistime period your average women made little more than half as much as youraverage man; and upon completion of high school women, more than men, wouldturn to business schools because science and medicine tended to stay closed towomen. However, during WWI the War Labor Industries Board ordered thatwomen be paid equal wages to men in war industries. In 1890 the NationalAmerican Women's Suffrage Association was formed, and they stressed that the

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