Essay Money Is Not The Root Of All Evil Bible Verse


1. servants--to be taken as predicated thus, "Let as many as are under the yoke (as) slaves" ( Titus 2:9 ). The exhortation is natural as there was a danger of Christian slaves inwardly feeling above their heathen masters.
their own masters--The phrase "their own," is an argument for submissiveness; it is not strangers, but their own masters whom they are required to respect.
all honour--all possible and fitting honor; not merely outward subjection, but that inward honor from which will flow spontaneously right outward conduct
that the name of God--by which Christians are called.
blasphemed--Heathen masters would say, What kind of a God must be the God of the Christians, when such are the fruits of His worship ( Romans 2:24 , Titus 2:5Titus 2:10 )?

2. And--rather, "But." The opposition is between those Christian slaves under the yoke of heathen, and those that have believing masters (he does not use the phrase "under the yoke" in the latter case, for service under believers is not a yoke). Connect the following words thus, "Let them (the slaves) not, because they (the masters) are brethren (and so equals, masters and slaves alike being Christians), despise them (the masters)."
but rather, &c.--"but all the more (so much the more: with the greater good will) do them service because they (the masters) are faithful (that is, believers) and beloved who receive (in the mutual interchange of relative duties between master and servant; so the Greek) the benefit" (English Version violates Greek grammar). This latter clause is parallel to, "because they are brethren"; which proves that "they" refers to the masters, not the servants, as TITTMANN takes it, explaining the verb in the common sense ( Luke 1:54 , Acts 20:35 ), "who sedulously labor for their (masters') benefit." The very term "benefit" delicately implies service done with the right motive, Christian "good will" ( Ephesians 6:7 ). If the common sense of the Greek verb be urged, the sense must be, "Because they (the masters) are faithful and beloved who are sedulously intent on the benefiting" of their servants. But PORPHYRY [On Abstinence, 1.46] justifies the sense of the Greek verb given above, which also better accords with the context; for otherwise, the article "the," will have nothing in the preceding words to explain it, whereas in my explanation above "the benefit" will be that of the slaves' service.
These things teach--( 1 Timothy 4:11 , Titus 2:15 ).

3. teach otherwise--than I desire thee to "teach" ( 1 Timothy 6:2 ). The Greek indicative implies, he puts not a merely supposed case, but one actually existing, 1 Timothy 1:3 , "Every one who teaches otherwise," that is, who teaches heterodoxy.
consent not--Greek, "accede not to."
wholesome--"sound" ( 1 Timothy 1:10 ): opposed to the false teachers' words, unsound through profitless science and immorality.
words of our Lord Jesus Christ--Paul's inspired words are not merely his own, but are also Christ's words.

4. He is proud--literally, "wrapt in smoke"; filled with the fumes of self-conceit ( 1 Timothy 3:6 ) while "knowing nothing," namely, of the doctrine which is according to godliness ( 1 Timothy 6:3 ), though arrogating pre-eminent knowledge ( 1 Timothy 1:7 ).
doting about--literally, "sick about"; the opposite of "wholesome" ( 1 Timothy 6:3 ). Truth is not the center about which his investigations move, but mere word-strifes.
questions--of controversy.
strifes of words--rather than about realities ( 2 Timothy 2:14 ). These stand with them instead of "godliness" and "wholesome words" ( 1 Timothy 6:3 , 1 Timothy 1:4 , Titus 3:9 ).
evil surmisings--as to those who are of a different party from themselves.

5. Perverse disputings--useless disputings. The oldest manuscripts read, "lasting contests" [WIESINGER]; "incessant collisions" [ALFORD]. "Strifes of words" had already been mentioned so that he would not be likely to repeat the same idea (as in the English Version reading) again.
corrupt minds--Greek, "of men corrupted (depraved) in mind." The inmost source of the evil is in the perverted mind ( 1 Timothy 6:4 , 2 Timothy 3:8 , Titus 1:15 ).
destitute of the truth--( Titus 1:14 ). They had had the truth, but through want of moral integrity and of love of the truth, they were misled by a pretended deeper gnosis (knowledge) and higher ascetical holiness, of which they made a trade [WIESINGER].
supposing, &c.--The Greek requires, "supposing (regarding the matter in this point of view) that piety (so translated for 'godliness') is a means of gain (that is, a way of advancing one's worldly interests: a different Greek form, poriswa, expresses the thing gained, gain)"; not "that gain is godliness," as English Version.
from such withdraw thyself--omitted in the oldest manuscripts. The connection with 1 Timothy 6:6 favors the omission of these words, which interrupt the connection.

6. But--Though they err in this, there is a sense in which "piety is" not merely gain, but "great means of gain": not the gaining which they pursue, and which makes men to be discontented with their present possessions, and to use religion as "a cloak of covetousness" ( 1 Thessalonians 2:5 ) and means of earthly gain, but the present and eternal gain which piety, whose accompaniment is contentment, secures to the soul. WIESINGER remarks that Paul observed in Timothy a tendency to indolence and shrinking from the conflict, whence he felt ( 1 Timothy 6:11 ) that Timothy needed cautioning against such temptation; compare also the second Epistle. Not merely contentment is great gain (a sentiment of the heathen CICERO [Paradox 6], "the greatest and surest riches"), but "piety with contentment"; for piety not only feels no need of what it has not, but also has that which exalts it above what it has not [WIESINGER]. The Greek for contentment is translated "sufficiency" ( 2 Corinthians 9:8 ). But the adjective ( Philippians 4:11 ) "content"; literally, "having a sufficiency in one's self" independent of others. "The Lord always supplies His people with what is necessary for them. True happiness lies in piety, but this sufficiency [supplied by God, with which moreover His people are content] is thrown into the scale as a kind of overweight" [CALVIN] ( 1 Kings 17:1-16Psalms 37:19Isaiah 33:6Isaiah 33:16Jeremiah 37:21 ).

7. For--confirming the reasonableness of "contentment."
and it is certain--Vulgate and other old versions support this reading. The oldest manuscripts, however, omit "and it is certain"; then the translation will be, "We brought nothing into the world (to teach us to remember) that neither can we carry anything out" ( Job 1:21 , Ecclesiastes 5:15 ). Therefore, we should have no gain-seeking anxiety, the breeder of discontent ( Matthew 6:25 ).

8. And--Greek, "But." In contrast to the greedy gain-seekers ( 1 Timothy 6:5 ).
having--so long as we have food. (The Greek expresses "food sufficient in each case for our continually recurring wants" [ALFORD]). It is implied that we, as believers, shall have this ( Isaiah 23:16 ).
raiment--Greek, "covering"; according to some including a roof to cover us, that is, a dwelling, as well as clothing.
let us be therewith content--literally, "we shall be sufficiently provided"; "we shall be sufficed" [ALFORD].

9. will be rich--have more than "food and raiment." Greek, "wish to be rich"; not merely are willing, but are resolved, and earnestly desire to have riches at any cost ( Proverbs 28:20Proverbs 28:22 ). This wishing (not the riches themselves) is fatal to "contentment" ( 1 Timothy 6:6 ). Rich men are not told to cast away their riches, but not to "trust" in them, and to "do good" with them ( 1 Timothy 6:171 Timothy 6:18 , Psalms 62:10 ).
fall into temptation--not merely "are exposed to temptation," but actually "fall into" it. The falling into it is what we are to pray against, "Lead us not into temptation" ( James 1:14 ); such a one is already in a sinful state, even before any overt act of sin. The Greek for "temptation" and "gain" contains a play on sounds--porasmus, peirasmus.
snare--a further step downwards ( 1 Timothy 3:7 ). He falls into "the snare of the devil."
hurtful--to those who fall into the snare. Compare Ephesians 4:22 , "deceitful lusts" which deceive to one's deadly hurt.
lusts--With the one evil lust ("wish to be rich") many others join themselves: the one is the "root of all evils" ( 1 Timothy 6:10 ).
which--Greek, "whatever (lusts)."
drown--an awful descending climax from "fall into"; this is the last step in the terrible descent ( James 1:15 ); translated "sink," Luke 5:7 .
destruction . . . perdition--destruction in general (temporal or eternal), and perdition in particular, namely, that of body and soul in hell.

10. the love of money--not the money itself, but the love of it--the wishing to be rich ( 1 Timothy 6:9 )--"is a root (ELLICOTT and MIDDLETON: not as English Version, 'the root') of all evils." (So the Greek plural). The wealthiest may be rich not in a bad sense; the poorest may covet to be so ( Psalms 62:10 ). Love of money is not the sole root of evils, but it is a leading "root of bitterness" ( Hebrews 12:15 ), for "it destroys faith, the root of all that is good" [BENGEL]; its offshoots are "temptation, a snare, lusts, destruction, perdition."
coveted after--lusted after.
erred from--literally, "have been made to err from the faith" ( 1 Timothy 1:19 , 4:1 ).

Study Bible

Contentment in Godliness
…9Those who want to be rich, however, fall into temptation and become ensnared by many foolish and harmful desires that plunge them into ruin and destruction. 10Forthelove of moneyisthe rootof all kindsof evil.By cravingit,somehave wanderedaway fromthefaithandpiercedthemselveswith manysorrows.11But you, O man of God, flee from these things and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, perseverance, and gentleness.…

Berean Study Bible · Download

Cross References

Joshua 7:21
when I saw among the spoil a beautiful mantle from Shinar and two hundred shekels of silver and a bar of gold fifty shekels in weight, then I coveted them and took them; and behold, they are concealed in the earth inside my tent with the silver underneath it."

Psalm 62:10
Do not trust in oppression And do not vainly hope in robbery; If riches increase, do not set your heart upon them.

Proverbs 15:27
He who profits illicitly troubles his own house, But he who hates bribes will live.

Ecclesiastes 2:19
And who knows whether he will be a wise man or a fool? Yet he will have control over all the fruit of my labor for which I have labored by acting wisely under the sun. This too is vanity.

Matthew 6:19
Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal.

Matthew 13:22
The seed sown among the thorns is the one who hears the word, but the worries of this world and the deceitfulness of wealth choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

Mark 4:19
but the cares of this life, the deceitfulness of wealth, and the desire for other things come in and choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

Colossians 3:5
Put to death, therefore, the components of your earthly nature: sexual immorality, impurity, lust, evil desires, and greed, which is idolatry.

1 Timothy 3:3
not dependent on wine, not violent but gentle, peaceable, and free of the love of money.

1 Timothy 6:9
Those who want to be rich, however, fall into temptation and become ensnared by many foolish and harmful desires that plunge them into ruin and destruction.

Treasury of Scripture

For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.

the love.

Genesis 34:23,24 Shall not their cattle and their substance and every beast of theirs …

Genesis 38:16 And he turned to her by the way, and said, Go to, I pray you, let …

Exodus 23:7,8 Keep you far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous …

Deuteronomy 16:19 You shall not wrest judgment; you shall not respect persons, neither …

Deuteronomy 23:4,5,18 Because they met you not with bread and with water in the way, when …

Judges 17:10,11 And Micah said to him, Dwell with me, and be to me a father and a …

Judges 18:19,20,29-31 And they said to him, Hold your peace, lay your hand on your mouth, …

2 Samuel 4:10,11 When one told me, saying, Behold, Saul is dead, thinking to have …

Proverbs 1:19 So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; which takes …

Isaiah 1:23 Your princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one …

Isaiah 56:11 Yes, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are …

Jeremiah 5:27 As a cage is full of birds, so are their houses full of deceit: therefore …

Jeremiah 5:28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the …

Ezekiel 13:19 And will you pollute me among my people for handfuls of barley and …

Ezekiel 16:33 They give gifts to all whores: but you give your gifts to all your …

Ezekiel 22:12 In you have they taken gifts to shed blood; you have taken usury and increase…

Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach …

Micah 7:3,4 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, …

Malachi 1:10 Who is there even among you that would shut the doors for nothing? …

Matthew 23:14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' …

Acts 1:16-19 Men and brothers, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled…

Titus 1:11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching …

Revelation 18:13 And cinnamon, and odors, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, …


1 Timothy 6:21 Which some professing have erred concerning the faith. Grace be with you. Amen.

2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas has forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is …

Jude 1:11 Woe to them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily …

Revelation 2:14,15 But I have a few things against you, because you have there them …

erred. or, been seduced. and pierced.

Genesis 29:14,26,31 And Laban said to him, Surely you are my bone and my flesh. And he …

2 Kings 5:27 The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall stick to you, and to your seed for ever…

Psalm 32:10 Many sorrows shall be to the wicked: but he that trusts in the LORD, …

Proverbs 1:31 Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled …

2 Peter 2:7,8 And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked…

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